Read hadith muhammad s legacy in the medieval and modern world foundations of islam by Jonathan A.C. Brown Online


Central to Islamic practice and law, the term hadith is applied to first-hand reports of the Prophet Muhammad's words and deeds, passed from generation to generation. Informative and accessible, this wide-ranging introduction provides a detailed exploration of their collection, historical authenticity, and role in modern Islam. Complete with a glossary, extensive bibliograCentral to Islamic practice and law, the term hadith is applied to first-hand reports of the Prophet Muhammad's words and deeds, passed from generation to generation. Informative and accessible, this wide-ranging introduction provides a detailed exploration of their collection, historical authenticity, and role in modern Islam. Complete with a glossary, extensive bibliography, and helpful diagrams, Hadith: An Introduction is perfectly suited to students, scholars, and the general reader....

Title : hadith muhammad s legacy in the medieval and modern world foundations of islam
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ISBN : 20035279
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 320 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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hadith muhammad s legacy in the medieval and modern world foundations of islam Reviews

  • Payam
    2019-02-26 08:45

    The book does an excellent job providing you with an introduction to the complex topic of Hadiths in Islam. Few people are aware that most Islamic laws and legal rulings stem from Hadiths and not the Qur'an. In fact, the Qur'an does not even specify the rulings on prayer and fasting. As such, scholars lean towards Hadiths to understand what to do. Hadiths are statements that trace back to the Prophet, or for particular sects, those of Companions of Family of the Prophet. As such, since the Qur'an advises everyone to follow the Prophet, it becomes a rational choice to fall back on for guidance. Unfortunately, unlike the Qur'an, the authenticity of Hadiths is shaky and requires extensive research to validate. Even when validated, it does not lead to unanimous agreement amongst different schools of thoughts on whether it should be incorporated. Ironically, even if invalidated, it may be incorporated anyway.As you step into Islam, you will find that Muslims ultimately struggle with the Hadiths and not the Qur'an. As you step into the Sects of Islam, you find that their differences stem primarily in the Hadiths, which each Sect believing their compilations of Hadiths is the authentic one. This causes greater stifles between the Sects and causes even greater confusion of people seeking Islam.The book attempts to decipher this puzzle for you by providing all opinions in an objective manner for you. I would argue that the author has succeeded in his goal. As a bonus, the author is not Muslim, which helps prevent sectarian influences in the writing. Having said that, the majority of the book focuses on Sunnis, which is fair since they constitute the majority of Muslims. If you are interested in understanding Islam and the science of Hadith, from all perspectives (including Western ones), pick up this book and have a read! Just do not expect a simple fun read as the content is dense and can be dry.

  • Siddiq Husainy
    2019-02-25 07:39

    [ Hadith: Muhammad's Legacy in the Medical and Modern World ]Having finished reading his book: Misquoting Muhammad earlier, I proceeded to search for his other works. The ones that I can find on Amazon are two (Amazon price in the UK is so cheap! Especially 2nd hand.) This book and another one regarding the two canons of the Muslim World, Bukhari and Muslim. The latter is out of my financial capability so I have to make do with the former. It doesn't mean that this is inferior to another, but it just indicates the sheer quality and value people put on the latter. Nevertheless, let us proceed to the review of this book.--In this book, Jon wrote in more detail regarding the progression of Hadith. Also, he explained how the terms used in hadith are introduced(mustalah hadith).The science of Hadith can be said to begin after the deaths of the generation of Muslims who had known the Prophet well/directly. There are different groups of people who forge hadith for their own interests. Unsurprisingly, political and sectarian motifs were the major engine of Hadith forgery. This problem began as early as during the companions, and persisted till the Umaiyah, Abbasiyah, Ottoman dynasty and arguably until today. However, the initial 400 years could be argued as the worst due to the 'startup' of major collection which required considerable time and manpower.The problem of Hadith forgery does not end with the matn(text). It also comes in the form of Isnad forgery. Jon describes how Muslim scholars introduced a methodology to detect forged hadith.The author also include a chapter specifically for the prophetic traditions in Shiite Islam. In the chapter, he described the initial conflict between Sunni and Shiite and how the hadith tradition progressed among Shiite scholars. Both have similar problems with hadith forgery and there's a similar aspect in their methodology of hadith criticism. The notable difference however is that Shiite only accept hadith from ahlul bait. In a way, it seems that the job for Shiite scholars are easier than the Sunni counterparts. However, there's a twist. The well-known Imam only last up till twelve, or seven depending on which of the Shiite madhab you refer to. After that, the scholars are thrown into an unfamiliar situation where they don't have a recognised "spokesperson". This situation is described in the chapter by Jon.The next few chapters talk about particular issues, which are Sufism, theology and the Western debates on the hadith tradition.My post will be a tad too long to elaborate each and every chapter. Suffice for me to summarise in the next paragraph.The developments and interactions of scholars from the late seventh century up till the modern world have seen the Sunni school of thoughts to progress over time. From strict adherence to the sayings of the Prophet and the interactions with ahl al-rayy, to the actions of the companions and successors, to the interaction and arguments with Mu'tazila school of thoughts, to the expansion of various Sunni school of thoughts up till the well-known 4 madhab(and beyond), to the interaction with salafis, and the emergence of revivalist and Islamic Movements across the world.To sum up, quoting from the book,".... what we can call Late Sunni Traditionalism argues that it is precisely these institutions that are essential for properly living as a Muslim today.In other words, closely following one of the accepted Sunni school of law, believing in the traditional Ash'arī school of theology, and participating in a Sufi brotherhood provides modern Muslims with all the legal, spiritual, and theological tools they need to succeed.Properly understood and correctly combined, these classical institutions allow Muslims to answer all the challenges to Modernity."Enough said.5/5

  • Nazmi Yaakub
    2019-03-23 09:37

    Buku yang terbaik tidak hanya membekalkan sebeban maklumat kepada pembaca, sebaliknya memahamkan pembaca tentang letak duduknya sesuatu perkara dan menyedarkan pembaca terbabit tentan letak duduk individu itu sendiri, apatah lagi dalam konteks tradisi hadis yang berkaitan dengan sumber utama yang kudus, iaitu Nabi Muhammad SAW.Di tangan Prof Brown yang mengikuti tradisi hadis itu sendiri termasuk dengan Sheikh Ali Juma'ah (علي جمعة), beliau membentangkan evolusi tradisi hadis yang bergerak daripada bagaimana mu'amalah para Sahabat Radiyaallahu 'anhum dengan tradisi kenabian sepeninggalan Nabi Muhammad SAW yang kemudian disusuri oleh tabi'in dan ulama serta ahli hadis pada zaman berikutnya.Method dan sejarah 'kritikan' hadis dihuraikan dengan jelas sehingga kita menyedari di sebalik khazanah ilmu yang agung itu, ada elemen teknikal yang berfungsi dalam menentukan jalur periwayatannya terpelihara. Elemen teknikal inilah yang adakalanya disederhanakan di kalangan orang awam sehingga berasa mudah untuk menolak sesuatu hadis yang 'dikritik' oleh ahli ilmu.Malah kompleksiti tradisi hadis ini bertambah apabila kedudukan dan penggunaannya berbeza dalam cabang utama Islam, iaitu fiqh dan usul fiqh, akidah dan tasawuf sehingga elemen teknikal itu akan berubah berdasarkan sesuatu cabang terbabit. Di sinilah saya kira menjadi tempat tergelincirnya sebahagian lepasan pendidikan Islam dan orang awam apabila menggunakan sesuatu hadis dengan sewenang-wenangnya tanpa mengira disiplin ilmu yang disentuhnya.Prof Brown juga melihat kritikan hadis yang berlaku dalam konteks dunia Barat khususnya orientalisme yang paradigma sudah tentu berbeza dengan pandangan alam dalam tradisi ilmu Islam. Beliau memecahkan fasa kritikan Barat itu kepada beberapa bahagian yang bermula dengan kaedah kritikan sejarah atau historical critical method dengan menumpukan kepada pandangan William Muir, Ignaz Goldziher dan Joseph Schacht, selain fasa lain sehingga masa kini.Dalam konteks kritikan dunia Islam moden pula, Prof Brown membahagikannya kepada, pertama, modenis Islam dan gerakan al-Quran semata-mata; kedua, modenis salafi; ketiga, tradisionalis salafi dan keempat, tradisionalis Sunni.Buku ini tentunya dimaksudkan kepada pembaca di Barat khususnya dalam memahami kedudukan hadis dan sunnah dalam tradisi Islam tetapi saya kira buku ini juga patut dibaca oleh mereka yang mengikuti pendidikan yang menggunakan pandangan alam dari Barat, yang sebenarnya majoriti umat Islam masa kini yang tidak terlepas daripada kesan sekularisasi dan modenisasi.Kerana buku ini boleh menyedarkan pembaca tentang realiti tradisi ilmu termasuk hadis yang tidak boleh dipotong-potong atau dibuang hanya untuk mengambil tiga ratus tahun pertama, maka ia wajar dibaca supaya kecelaruan dan kekeliruan yang sangat ketara pada masa kini, sekurang-kurangnya dapat dikurangkan.

  • Aasem Bakhshi
    2019-03-15 09:34

    I would call it a reasonable survey of Hadith science as it is not in the same vein as other more detailed surveys by Zubayr Siddique and Azami. However, in my view, Dr Brown wanted it to be a brief historical/ methodological survey with more emphasis on the so called authenticity question of interpretive (and originally oral) traditions and modern debates surrounding the Hadith tradition. That, in my view, is the real strength of the book and those who are not directly familiar with Muir, Goldziher, Schacht and Juynboll would find extremely succinct summaries of their main theories. On the other hand those who are familiar, would still find Brown's work useful as it enables an already informed reader to draw interesting links between genealogies of modernist and classical thought patterns.

  • آدم زمین زاد
    2019-02-28 05:25

    An excellent introduction (at least for me) to hadith literature. Quite up to date and informative with interesting writing style. It has provided me with some serious academic perspectives to think about hadith. Last two chapters are very interesting where the author has summarized the historically shifting understanding of hadith in the western academia and in the muslim world.

  • Sagheer Afzal
    2019-03-17 01:23

    I read this book immediately after and Professor Brown's previous book 'Misquoting Muhammad' In this book Professor Brown has done an admirable job in exposing the enormity of forged hadith. It was a shock for me to learn that hadith such as: 'Whenever you find someone who has had sex within an animal kill him and then the animal' exist within Al-Tirmidhi. Other hadith such as 'The people who entrust their affairs to a woman will not succeed' also came as a surprise. And perhaps the most mind blowing of all: 'The black African when he eats his fill he fornicates and when he gets hungry he steals' The fact such egregious hadith have not been challenged and expunged is shameful. But it nonetheless highlights a need for an Islamic renaissance. Nowadays UK TV channels and even youtube abound with xenophobic self-proclaimed scholars. Each one has an armoury of hadith that supports his myopic view of Islam and the outer world. I can personally attest to the fact there are many emerging scholars who can proudly quote the isnad (chain of transmission) of the hadith they know. Oblivious of how inhumane and irrational the content. Perpetuating the legacy and mission of their predecessors: to stultify a religion that was always meant to be bespoke. It came as a surprise to me whilst reading this book of how casually so many Muslims forged hadith. Including some very eminent Muslims. This book vindicates the complaint of my Shia brethren who quite reasonably have questioned the fact that very few hadith present within the current day corpus seem to have come from the household of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) The following statistic illustrates this. 526 hadith from Hazrat Ali; cousin and adopted son of the Holy Prophet. But 5,300 hadith from Abu Huraira who only knew the Holy Prophet (PBUH) in the last three years of their ministry. Bizarrely though; Ibn Masud, an early Muslim and companion to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) seems to have hardly transmitted anything. The fact that there existed by 1200 AD; 800,000 hadith is surely the most potent proof of mass forgery. I feel aggrieved that any time I spent readings books of Hadith as a youth was time wasted. I am now of the opinion having read Professor Brown's work, that any sincere student of Islam should read his two books and avoid any study of hadith. I would have liked the book to have furnished reasons why the efforts of Muslim reformers who realised the blatant mendacity of hadith faded away. Was it due to the fact they were at the mercy of the British Empire and enjoyed their largesse to such an extent they failed to realise their masters would never allow reform that led to unity?A short while ago I was asked who is the best scholar of Islam today? Ten or so years ago many people would have said Tariq Ramadan. But his lack of objectivity regarding the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt counts very heavily against him. Khalid Abou El Fadl merits consideration along with Jonathan A C Brown. Professor Brown's writing is more succinct than that of Khalid Abou El Fadl's and his knowledge of comparative religions brings a profound nuance to his work. Read this book without delay.

  • Imran Mustafa
    2019-03-01 01:27

    The third book of this author that I finished.This book is a survey of (a) hadith history and methodology, (b) hadith function in various spheres and groups and (c) hadith criticism in the West and use by modern Muslims.A relatively condensed book, and I think fair overview of the hadith tradition. Every chapter is fairly self-sufficient, but this resulted in a lack of a single narrative, like in Misquoting Muhammad. The author obviously drew a lot from his work on the canonization of Al Bukhari and Muslim, but while there are repetitions, it is not substantial. I should note that the chapters are not equally long, and it feels that the chapter on the use of hadith in theology and sufism is quite short and doesn't have enough 'meat'.I personally found the last two chapters (excluding the Conclusion) on Western studies on hadith and the modern Muslim view of hadith most interesting. But this is a good primer in the English language for anyone interested in the study of hadiths.

  • Daniel Diaz
    2019-03-17 09:18

    "A common saying among Muslim scholars identifies hadith critics with pharmacists, who provide the medicine, and legal scholars with doctors, who know how to use this medicine properly" (p. 160) Dr. Brown's medicine begins as a thick syrup with a bitter taste that gets progressively sweeter as you savor it. It is one of those prescriptions that you know will be a little difficult to get through, but one that is so timely and so crucial for improving one's understanding of hadith that it is very much worth taking. The first three chapters (about 1/3 of the book) were the toughest to get through. They consist of essential terminology in the science of hadith, an explanation of how hadiths are transmitted and evaluated, and an exposition to the vast array of hadith collection genres. Dr. Brown provides countless mentions of author names and book titles, and as much as I tried to remember them, they were more than I could keep track of. But once the mildly bitter part of the medicine is over, you will experience more clarity on the topic and will begin to relish the intriguing aroma and sweet aftertaste of the following chapters where he talks about the role of hadiths in Shiite Islam, in legal and theological matters, and in Sufism. After that section, the author steps away from discussing hadith evaluation from the classical islamic perspective and provides the Western academic perspective on hadiths using the Historical Critical Analysis lens. This fascinating chapter then eases the reader into the next chapter, which explores how new Muslim intellectual responses to modernity affected hadith criticism. Overall, it's an indispensable introduction and survey to the study of hadith. It's written as engagingly as the subject matter possibly allows it to be, and although the necessity to learn certain terms and concepts at the beginning may make it a little dry, it is very much a fascinating read.

  • WaseemNaser
    2019-03-07 08:38

    Excellent! Covers everything needed for an introduction

  • Saima
    2019-03-12 05:40

    Read it during the "aitikaaf" observance in Ramadan. Mostly academic but does have some good historical background about the hadith provenance and record-keeping.

  • Rez Khal
    2019-03-07 02:20

    Commendable effort.

  • Rose Cecilia
    2019-03-23 03:21

    This is an amazing resource that I would highly recommend to any student of Islam, regardless of faith or previous level of study. Brown presents a very clear, readable account of Hadith collection and criticism. He also breaks down the historic and current relationship (tension?) between the Quran, Hadith, and reason in determining tenets of faith and religious practice. The many names, dates, and complex concepts that could otherwise be very tedious to read through are presented in an incredibly accessible manner. What I enjoyed most about this book was discovering how much I was able to appreciate and take from certain scholars'/schools' approaches to Hadith criticism that I otherwise wouldn't have expected to connect with, and vice versa. I wish that this could have been part of my introduction to Hadith years back!

  • Faith
    2019-02-23 09:44

    This book is a great introduction to the science of hadeeth and the role of hadeeth in the pre-modern and modern Muslim world. It was a bit dense at times but I still learned so much reading it. I gained much more respect for the process of hadeeth collection in the ancient world. Brown makes what could a rather complicated subject accessible to lay readers. His list of suggested reading at the end of each chapter was useful. Also, I like that Brown provides a nuanced and comprehensive examination of hadeeth among both Muslim and non-Muslim scholars. I would recommend this for both Muslims and non-Muslim swho want a better understanding of how ahadeeth were collected, why they were collected and how they've been examined and use in both ancient and modern times.

  • Zaid
    2019-03-12 09:33

    Excellent and objective Jonathan Brown does a phenomenal job of explaining the Hadith tradition. He begins by explaining its formation, the internal Muslim struggles that shaped Hadith discourse, and how the west has criticized the Hadith tradition. He ends his book by discussing the different Muslim movements in the modern age and how they've used the Hadith against western pressure.

  • Uwais
    2019-03-10 03:42

    I use this book as a reference from time to time. The chapters I have resorted to makes me realise this book is unique in that there is nothing out there which matches it in English, for the clarity of the arguments made, the author's real knack in making theories accessible and engaging students. No less than a breakthrough, given the wealth of material reduced in this volume. It serves as a wonderful introduction. Highly recommended. Indispensable. A second edition is on its way.

  • Luna Hasani
    2019-03-04 03:33

    Quick and amazing read, recommended to anyone interested in this topic. The author doesn't express personal opinions in this book, he only explains very objectively the process of Hadith collection followed by different Islamic sects, and the various methods of Hadith criticism according to western, classical and modern Islamic standards. I loved it.

  • Yaseen
    2019-03-01 03:41

    Helpful beginners guide to understanding the science of hadith. Dr. Brown gives insight to multiple perspectives, while maintaining a general academic's removed nature from the subject - though he certainly has his own opinions. A fair, clear, and concise work that I found rather beneficial.

  • Joseph Lumbard
    2019-03-11 05:33

    An excellent account of all the different aspects of ḥadīth and some of the debates regarding them. This book sets the new standard for introductory book on Hadith. I wish that a volume like this had been available when I was first learning about the sciences of Hadith.

  • Zahra Khan
    2019-03-26 02:26

    Pretty readable except for the long list of books as examples at various points in the book.Pretty comprehensive as well.

  • Syed Abbas
    2019-03-08 06:27

    good to understand the development of laws and regulations. Orovides details about the history and complexities in acceptance of hadith and validation of the chain of transmission.

  • Saadia Faruqi
    2019-03-24 07:42

    Very informative and eye opening. Muslims should definitely read this history and current implications of Hadith.

  • Edith
    2019-03-11 03:43

    Suitable for a scholarly audience and ambitious lay readers. Brown also writes very well, making it an enjoyable read.