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اللاسلطوية: مقدمة قصيرة جداً

عادةً ما تستحضر كلمة «اللاسلطوية» في الذهن صورًا للاحتجاج العنيف ضد الحكومات، ومؤخرًا أصبحت تستحضر صورًا للمظاهرات الغاضبة ضد كيانات على غرار البنك الدولي وصندوق النقد الدولي. لكن هل اللاسلطوية مرتبطة حتمًا بالفوضى والاضطرابات العنيفة؟ وهل اللاسلطويون ملتزمون بأيديولوجية متسقة؟ وما مفهوم اللاسلطوية تحديدًا؟في هذه المقدمة القصيرة جدًّا يتناول كولين وارد اللاسلطوية من وجهاتعادةً ما تستحضر كلمة «اللاسلطوية» في الذهن صورًا للاحتجاج العنيف ضد الحكومات، ومؤخرًا أصبحت تستحضر صورًا للمظاهرات الغاضبة ضد كيانات على غرار البنك الدولي وصندوق النقد الدولي. لكن هل اللاسلطوية مرتبطة حتمًا بالفوضى والاضطرابات العنيفة؟ وهل اللاسلطويون ملتزمون بأيديولوجية متسقة؟ وما مفهوم اللاسلطوية تحديدًا؟في هذه المقدمة القصيرة جدًّا يتناول كولين وارد اللاسلطوية من وجهات نظر متعددة: نظرية وتاريخية ودولية، وكذلك من خلال استكشاف كتابات أهم المفكرين اللاسلطويين، من كروبوتكين إلى تشومسكي. وأيًّا كان الاتجاه السياسي للقارئ، فإن الطرح الذي يقدمه المؤلف يضمن له فهمًا أفضل بكثير لمفهوم اللاسلطوية بعد قراءة هذا الكتاب.للتحميلhttp://www.hindawi.org/kalimat/93583507/...

Title : اللاسلطوية: مقدمة قصيرة جداً
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ISBN : 9789777195249
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 108 Pages
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اللاسلطوية: مقدمة قصيرة جداً Reviews

  • Ted
    2018-11-24 16:48

    Historically, anarchism arose not only as an explanation of the gulf between the rich and the poor in any community, and of the reason why the poor have been obliged to fight for their share of a common inheritance, but as a radical answer to the question ‘What went wrong?’ that followed the ultimate outcome of the French Revolution.Colin Ward (1924-2010) (Wiki photo)This entry in the Oxford VSI series was written, not by an academic political theorist, but by a gentleman who was for decades the face of British anarchism, Colin Ward. As Ken Worpole wrote in Ward’s obituary for the Guardian,Colin Ward, who has died aged 85, lived with the title of Britain's most famous anarchist for nearly half a ¬century, bemused by this ambivalent soubriquet. In Anarchy in Action (1973), he set out his belief that an anarchist society was not an end goal. Following Alexander Herzen, the writer and thinker known as the "father of -Russian socialism", Colin saw all distant goals as a form of tyranny and believed that anarchist principles could be ¬discerned in everyday human relations and impulses. Within this perspective, politics was about strengthening ¬co-operative ¬relations and supporting human ingenuity in its myriad vernacular and everyday forms.Following is a chapter by chapter review of what Ward has presented in this VSI. The first chapter is in fact a very very short introduction, not only to the book but to the subject; hence I’ve presented rather more detail for that chapter than for the remainder of the book.Ch. 1 Definitions and Ancestors From the Greek ‘anarkhia’, “contrary to authority or without a ruler”. Used derogatively until 1840 when it was adopted by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon to describe his political/social ideology. Anarchism can be seen as an ultimate projection of both liberalism and socialism, and “the differing strands of anarchist thought can be related to their emphasis on one or the other of these.”Ward starts off by mentioning several different sorts of anarchist thinker.“The mainstream of anarchist propaganda for more than a century has been anarchist communism (view spoiler)[[note the small ‘c’; this is communism in the sense of ‘community’; also note that Ward uses ‘propaganda’ here, and elsewhere, in the non-pejorative sense: ‘the particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement’] (hide spoiler)], which argues that property in land , natural resources, and the means of production should be held in mutual control by local communities, federating for innumerable joint purposes with other communes.” Further, “Some anarchists prefer to distinguish between anarchist-communism and collectivist anarchism in order to stress the obviously desirable freedom of an individual or family to possess the resources needed for living, while not implying the right to own the resources needed by others.”“Anarcho-syndicalism puts its emphasis on the organized industrial workers who could, through a ‘social general strike’, expropriate the possessors of capital and thus engineer a workers’ take-over of industry and administration.”“There are several traditions of individualist anarchism”, one deriving from the German Max Stirner, and another from a series of 19th-century Americans, “who argued that in protecting our own autonomy and associating with others for common advantages, we are promoting the good of all.”“Pacifist anarchism follows both from the anti-militarism that accompanies rejection of the state, with its ultimate dependence on armed forces, and from the conviction that any morally viable human society depends upon the uncoerced goodwill of its members.” (my emphasis)Ward says that for the anarchist, the state itself is the enemy; not only because the state is always watching, but because (even more so) the state is the guardian of the powerful in society. But a broader theme links all these threads of anarchist thought:… their rejection of external authority, whether that of the state, the employer, of the hierarchies of administration and of established institutions like the school and the church. The same is true of more recently emerging varieties of anarchist propaganda, green anarchism and anarcha-feminism.(Noam Chomsky agrees. In Understanding Power he states his view that whenever a person or institution exerts authority over another person or group, that authority must be capable of being justified. No form of authority or domination of hierarchy has “prior justification”, that is, justification by simply saying “of course, that’s understood to be the case.” “The burden of proof for any exercise of authority is always on the person exercising it – invariably.”)Ward mentions four thinkers who have long been thought connected to the anarchist tradition (later in the book he refers to them as “my 19th-century mentors”). William Goodwin (1756-1836 – the partner of Mary Wollstonecraft and father of Mary Shelley); Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-65, the first to call himself an anarchist); Michael Bakunin (1814-76, the Russian revolutionary who became famous for his disputes with Marx in the First International in the 1870s); and Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921). Kropotkin is the most widely read, on a global scale, of all anarchist authors; his most famous work is The Conquest of Bread.On anarchism’s enduring resilience: Every European, North American, Latin American, and Asian society has had its anarchist publicists, journals, circles of adherents, imprisoned activists, and martyrs. Whenever an authoritarian and repressive political regime collapses, the anarchists are there, a minority urging their fellow citizens to absorb the lessons of the sheer horror and irresponsibility of government.In concluding the chapter, Ward covers anarchist ideas and proponents in Japan, China, Korea, India and Africa. How is it, then, that with anarchism having been presented the world over as a serious political and social choice, by so many thoughtful writers, over such a long period, ‘anarchism’ has such a bad reputation as it does in some societies? From my own experience, I know well that in the U.S. at least, and perhaps elsewhere, ‘anarchist’ and ‘anarchism’ have long been scare words. The image is always of bomb-throwing maniacs, a complete lack of societal order, utter chaos, every man for himself. Ward traces this caricature of anarchism to the short period a century ago “when a minority of anarchists, like the subsequent minorities of a dozen other political movements, believed that the assassination of monarchs, princes, and presidents would hasten popular revolution”. These anarchists were no more successful than most subsequent political assassins. “But their legacy has been the cartoonist’s stereotype … and has provided another obstacle to the serious discussion of anarchist approaches.”Here’s a brief rundown on some of the other chapters in the book.Ch 2. Revolutionary moments Topics herein are the anarchist elements in the European revolutions of 1848; 20th century revolutions (Mexico, Russia), and an extended discussion of anarchist activities and achievements in Spain during the 1936-39 Civil War.See also comment 16 belowCh 3. States, societies, and the collapse of socialismand Ch 4. Deflating nationalism and fundamentalism These two chapters didn’t impress me very much, perhaps from lack of application on my part. The first seems to be a rambling essay on the difference between society and the state, the ultimate failure of 20th century “socialism”, and how anarchist ideas might be applied to the evolving 21st century forms of society. I didn’t really understand (no doubt some in Europe would) quite how he came to the conclusion that “socialism” had failed to achieve (or at least approach) its goals. Nor did I understand why he steadfastly insisted on criticizing socialism instead of Communism (which he mostly seems to ignore). Perhaps his point is that the anarchist simply knows that no matter how well-meaning the intentions, the modern bureaucratic societal structures are simply too large to ever work in an efficient and just manner. As for Chapter 4, one quote will perhaps give an indication of what his concern is: “It is disappointing and unexpected for secular anarchists, who thought that wars of religion belonged to the past, now to have to confront issues of the recognition of difference, while they are trying to move on to the issues that unite rather than divide us.’ [The book was published in 2004, so we can guess what he’s talking about.]Ch 5. Containing deviancy and liberating work “Containing deviancy” actually is an ironic phrase (I take it) because the first part of the chapter is about prisons, people who are in prisons but shouldn’t be (the ultimate exercise of the state’s authority over the individual), suicide rates in prison, and so forth. The last part of the chapter addresses issues relating to the modern workplace, unions, and other labor structures in the modern state; and concludes that although the decades-old expectations of the anarcho-syndicalists, “who envisaged a triumphant take-over of the factory by its workers” may now seem a forlorn hope, these aspirations “are close to the dreams of vast numbers of citizens who feel trapped by the culture of employment.”Ch. 6 Freedom in education This seems to be an important chapter, but as an American reader I found it confusing in parts, because of the lengthy historical section on British “private” schools for working class children in the mid-nineteenth century. Ward says that “The anarchist approach has been more influential in education than in most other fields of life”, and seems satisfied that education is on the right track and getting better. I wonder what he would think, however, if he thought for even a few moments on the American model, which in recent years has seemed to become increasingly under the autocracy of testing. Even the seemingly well-meaning goal of preparing children for “life” and the “real world” can be cynically seen as simply preparing the best of the young to take whatever places they can find in the corporate kingdom, with the rest being over-educated and over-indebted for the employment scraps left over.These sorts of problems should be prime targets for anarchist solution-seeking. But there isn’t much in the system now to cause anarchists to rest on their supposed “more influential” third-place ribbons earned in the U.S. educational system.Ch. 7 The individualist response I found this chapter quite agreeable. I’ve often thought the Libertarians in the U.S. seemed more like (the bad type of) anarchists than anything else. Without going into Ward’s analysis, I’ll just quote from the beginning and the end of the chapter:(beginning) For a century, anarchists have used the word ‘libertarian’ as a synonym for ‘anarchist’, both as a noun and as an adjective … However, much more recently the word has been appropriated [he could have said “usurped”] by various American free marker philosophers … so it is necessary to examine the modern individualist ‘libertarian’ response from the standpoint of the anarchist tradition.o o o(at the end) The American ‘libertarians’ of the 20th century are academics rather than social activists, and their inventiveness seems to be limited to providing an ideology for untrammeled market capitalism.Well, yes, that's good as far as it goes. He’s talking about academic economists, not a political movement. But in the U.S. the Libertarian world view has gone much farther than that. Let’s not mention Ayn Rand, or the elevation of personal greed and utter selfishness into not only admirable qualities, but almost (for true believers) moral imperatives. Well, Ward didn’t go there, and “neither will I”, he says veering away.Ch. 8 Quiet revolutions is one in which I think my attention lagged. At least I didn't underline much, and when I finally got around to much later writing this review I said nothing about it. However, see Comment 16 below.Ch. 9 The federalist agenda revived my interest, and was even a bit inspiring. In it Ward returns to three of the 19th century anarchists from the first chapter: Proudhon, Bakunin and Kropotkin. He examines a number of observations of these writers, who “had a federalist agenda that was a foretaste of modern debates on European unity.” What he’s talking about is the rise of the nation state in the 19th century, particularly with the unification of Germany and Italy, who had “left behind all those silly little principalities, republics, papal provinces, and city states, to become nation states, empires, and, of course, conquerors.” He goes on, In the great tide of nationalism in the 19th century there was a handful of prophetic and dissenting voices, urging the alternative of federalism. It is interesting, at least, that those whose names survive were the three best-known anarchist thinkers of that century …[and, several pages later]After every kind of disastrous experience in the 20th century, the rulers of the nation states of Europe have directed policy towards several kinds of supranational entities. The crucial issue that faces them is whether to conceive of a Europe of States or a Europe of Regions.Finally, he concludesA resolution has been adopted by the council of Europe, calling for national governments to adopt its Charter for Local Self-Government, ‘to formalize commitment to the principle that government functions should be carried out at the lowest level possible and only transferred to higher government by consent.’This precept is an extraordinary tribute to Proudhon, Bakunin, and Kropotkin and the ideas that they were alone in voicing (apart from some interesting Spanish thinkers like Pi y Margall or Joaquin Costa).Ch. 10. Green aspirations and anarchist futures is a fine conclusion to the book. In it Ward writes about the limits to growth; environmental issues relating to the high cost of the rich world’s ‘cheap’ food; urban intensive food production, as in Singapore; Peter Harper’s distinction, not between Deep Ecologists and Social Ecologists, but between Light Greens (concerned with new technology of efficient energy, and “sustainable” consumption) and Deep Greens (small insulated houses, bicycles, home-grown food, repair and recycling); and the American anarchist Murray Bookchin, who is quoted on anarchist concepts being not on y desirable but necessary for viability of the planet.A comforting thought for anarchists is the reflection that a society advanced enough to accept the environmental imperatives of the 21st century will be obliged to reinvent anarchism as a response to them.For a very strong case has been made by such authors as Murray and Bookchin and Alan Carter that anarchism is the only political ideology capable of addressing the challenges posed by our new green consciousness to the accepted range of political ideas. Anarchism becomes more and more relevant for the new century.(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europea...)SummaryColin Ward put a friendly face on British anarchism for decades. In this book he has constructed an introduction to anarchism along the lines that he himself worked for in his own life. Not a doctrinaire ideology based on some historical strain of anarchism, but a thoughtful, and thought-provoking, attempt to elucidate how the various ideas forming the anarchist view can be useful in modern, even 21st-century, society. Ward ultimately was one who, rather than fear the future, strove to nourish seeds which he believed could make the future better than the present.["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>["br"]>

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2018-11-30 15:52

    Anarchism: a very short introduction (Very Short Introductions #116), Colin Wardتاریخ نخستین خوانش: یازدهم ماه مارس سال 2010 میلادیعنوان: آنارشیسم؛ نویسنده: کالین وارد؛ مترجم: محمودرضا عبداللهی؛ تهران، افکار، 1388، در 176 ص؛ مصور، عکس، شابک: 9789642280193؛ واژه نامه دارد، نمایه دارد؛ موضوع: مکتب های سیاسی -- تاریخ -- آنارشیسم قرن 21 ما. شربیانی

  • Mohammed-Makram
    2018-12-12 20:45

    اللاسلطوية هى الترجمة التى وجدها الكاتب مناسبة لترجمة الكلمة سيئة السمعه المعروفة حاليا و هى الأناركية أو كم تدعى الحكومات الفوضوية. اللاسلطوية هى أم الثورات الإجتماعية التى تتشكل ضد الدولة ليس الا لكونها دولة فهى تعادى السلطة حيثما كانت و بأى طريقة كانت بشرط السلمية. يرى الأناركيون أن الحكومات المركزية فكرة مضى عليها قطار السياسة منذ زمن و حان وقت تفكيكها لصالح كاميونات صغيرة شبه مستقلة تنظم أمورها بنفسها و تعتمد على موارد مستدامة قدر الإمكان و تتحد الكوميونات فى ولايات دون اندماج تام او استقلال تام و لا ينظمها الا مصالح سكانها و رأيهم مع حقهم فى الاندماج الطوعى و الإنفصال الطوعى ثم تنتظم الولايات فى قوميات ثم اتحادات كبرى قد تكون قارية تمهيدا للإتحاد العالمى. يؤمنون بحرية الفرد المطلقة و عدم وضع قيود اجتماعية او اقتصادية او دينية عليه بقوة القانون كما يدعمون المنظمات التطوعية و يعطونها دفة القيادة فى غالب الأمر. لا يوضح الكتاب وضع الجيش و حماية الدولة ان كانت هناك ثمة دولة الا بالحديث عن جيش دفاع لا يسمح تسليحه بالهجوم على الحدود المجاورة و لم يبين ان كان هذا الجيش للكاميونات ام للكيانات الأكبر. كون الكتاب مقدمة قصيرة جدا و وضح المسيرة التاريخية و الفلسفة و السياسات المختلفة للحركة الأناركية الا انه افضل بكثير من الغثاء المنتشر على مواقع الإنترنت الملىء بالمغالطات. الحركة اللاسلطوية مرتبطة باليسار و ان لم تكن يسارية بالضرورة و لها تاريخ طويل من النضال و خصوصا ضد التكتلات الرأسمالية العالمية و متوحدة فى الغالب مع أحزاب الخضر. نموذج الكاميونات الصغيرة الشبه مستقلة موجودة فقط فى الكيبوتسات الإسرائلية بأغلب شروطة الفلسفة اللاسلطوية و ان لم يذكر الكتاب ذلك أبدا. الكتاب جيد جدا و يصنف كفاتح للشهية للقراءة أكثر فى هذا الموضوع

  • Bushra
    2018-12-07 20:40

    يجب أن تتم صياغة أشكال جديدة للتنظيم في المجتمع بدلاً من تلك التي تشغلها الدولة من خلال البيروقراطية أغلب السلبيات التي توسع في شرحها معروفة ومتفق عليها لكنه لم يوضح عملياً كيف تطبق هذه الرؤية الجديدة وكيف يتم ضمان جودة النتائج..

  • Sally McRogerson
    2018-11-24 21:46

    The sections on the penal and education systems are both excellent and worth a few minutes of anyone's time! The environmental stuff is also illuminating. Leave the sheep to their bleating. Think for yourself. Act for the greatest good. Not because you are forced to by some central organisation but because in your own judgement it's the right thing to do.

  • C M
    2018-11-29 23:52

    I am a big fan of Oxford UP's Very Short Introduction (VSI) series (disclaimer: I am a future author myself). Many of them are great introductions to complex matters, written by prominent authors in an accessible style. Rather than providing state-of-the-art overviews, they develop a particular approach to the topic at hand. Most of the times, this leads to very interesting and insightful books... sometimes, they are missed opportunities. Colin Ward's is one of these negative exceptions. It is throughout disappointing and at time infuriating. Not only does Ward fail to define "anarchism", not totally uncommon in the VSI series, he seems to include every positive historical example of opposition to authoritarianism and (corrupt) establishment as an example of anarchism, but also traces the roots of virtually every positive contemporary political phenomenon to some (obscure) texts of historical anarchists (e.g. European integration and Kropotkin). In the end, this is not an academic text on anarchism, it is a chummy and mostly uninteresting pamphlet on a highly complex and important political theory (or philosophical tradition), which deserves much better.

  • Nativeabuse
    2018-11-26 22:33

    Was expecting a good introduction on Anarchism, as someone who knows very little about it but has recently started getting into it.He discusses very little that I didn't already know and he doesn't go indepth with anything in this book. Which I guess was what I should have expected. But this was a little too much of a gloss over for someone who has read the Wikipedia page on anarchy over a couple of times. I would recommend doing that instead of buying this, because of the fact that it is so brief.The one thing I did like about this was his reasoning behind why the anarchists have failed at doing any successful revolutions or anything like that (besides Spain) . Ward proposes that anarchists have played a large role in every major revolution in history, but after the revolution is successful they end up being booted out by people who want to try and organize a workers state, so they keep getting kicked to the curb by people hungry for power.This is the only memorable argument in the book but it is a quite interesting one that really made me think.

  • Scriptor Ignotus
    2018-12-05 23:50

    Oxford's Very Short Introduction books have been hit-or-miss, in my experience; and this one, though not without its merits, goes into the "miss" column. It reads like a brochure for anarchism - and not a very good one at that - rather than an introduction to its concepts. According to the "history" portion of this brochure, whenever freedom expanded, that was anarchism, and whenever it contracted, as when the supposed anarchistic aims of history's revolutionary movements were rolled back or tempered, this was the product of various forms of statism. We are then treated to a rather disjointed series of vignettes on various pet issues, like the rate of imprisonment for victimless crimes, the state-sponsored conformism of public education systems, the (admittedly interesting) anarchist take on federalism, and environmentalism. I think i'd be better off reading some of the names he gives us - Bakunin, Kropotkin, et al.

  • Reyhaneh
    2018-12-16 16:46

    داستان خوندن این کتاب از اینجا شروع شد که آخرای یک بحث 1 به 5 نفره که من باورم نمیشد واقعا دوستانم نظرشون چیزی باشه که بیان میکنند، به شوخی دیکتاتور خطابشون کردم و جواب جالبی گرفتم که من رو دموکرات نمیدونستن و آنارشیست خطابم کردن.و این طوری شد که من خواستم بدونم این گروه کی هستن که من بهشون منسوب شدم.متاسفانه کتاب پر از اشکالات مفهومی، جمله بندی، حتی تایپی و ترجمه ای بود. بقدری که گاهی با خوندن چندین باره ی جملات، باز هم مفهومی ازشون برداشت نمیشد و یا طوری اشاره وار بودند که انگار ادامه ی کتاب دیگه ای هستندتا جایی که تونستم سعی کردم هر فصل رو خلاصه کنم که بعدا هم قابل خوندن و مرور باشه. نویسنده سعی کرده بود این دیدگاه رو در موضوعات مختلفی بررسی کنهامیدوارم بتونم کتاب های بهتر و روان تری هم در این باره بخونم

  • Tariq Alferis
    2018-11-29 22:38

    . ‎الأناركية مصطلح يعني حرفيًا ‫"‬لاحاكم‫"‬، ‫أو"لاسلطة"، تم استخدام المصطلح اول مرة عند سقوط السلطة المركزية وصعود سلطة اخرى بديلة ثم يحدث قتال وحرب أهلية نتيجة "الكرسي" ثم تحدث الفوضى، مثل مايحدث في ليبيا وهذا تطبيق مباشر للفكر الأناركي، الأناركي من القرن التاسع عشر..من شاهد فلم ‬V For Vendetta ‎للأخوان واتشومسكي سيفهم بطبيعة الحال ‫"‬الأناركية‎؛ ومفهوم الفوضى والتمرد‎لاسلطوية تعني غياب التام لسلطة وتفكيك السلطة المركزية ثم استبدال مؤسسات الدولة المركزية بمؤسسة شعبية افقية متساوية ،.‬لاسلطوية هو الرفض الكامل لسلطة وحكم الأقلية وتحكم التام في الشعب‫..‬‎المُقدمة غير كافية لشرح الفكر لاسلطوي بشكل جيد،ولم يتحدث عن الفروقات الفكر الفوضوي الاشتراكي وليبرالي الخ.

  • Amir The Fat Bookworm
    2018-12-05 21:40

    Anarchists, know how to express their beliefs. However, as an ex-anarchist, I believe that there are some fundamental problems with anarchism. 1. Anarchists offer a few cases of how lack of leviathan, may have improved our wellbeing. However, these cases are usually case studies, fails to take into account other factors, and they fail to make a comprehensive statical case for anarchism, which opposing views sometimes do. 2. They romanticize past. Which I will not go into. 3. They offer a great number of criticisms towards socialism, capitalism and Hobsianism, however, they lack any model of how we should be and how to get there. Enough on anarchism. Let's talk about the book. This book was a bit weird. It offered some very quick analysis of matters that I know a bit about. Like Iran, the country that I have lived all my life. If I'm not mistaken, it says that Shah was overthrown by elite religious figures(?). Which is really confusing as religious figures tried to reach the elite level, by overthrowing Shah. They were not elite. They became elite. Which completely reverses the argument that the author was trying to make. there were some more of these weird claims and analysis. So I would not cite this book in my publications and it seems rather unfounded in many respects.

  • فتحي سرور
    2018-12-14 21:49

    كان لقائي الأول بصطلح الأناركية عبر الأعلام المصري أيام الثورة و ما تلاها من حكم عسكري حيث أستدخدمت الكلمة لوصف المجموعات العنيفة(التي تسعى لهدم لدولة)قبل أن تسبدل بمصطلح "الطرف الثالث"،و قد تعززت تلك الصورة مع أخبار التظاهرات الغاضبة التي تحاصر الأجتماعات الأقتصادية و السياسية العالمية و أضطرابات وال ستريت و غيرها..لكن الكتاب كشف لي عن الأساس العميق الذي تقف عليه الأناركية في معارضتها لوجود السلطة ذاتها........ليس من الحكمة أصدار رأي في الأناركية و فلسفتها بناءاُ على كتاب مختصر كهذا لذا فالنجوم .الأربع للكتاب لعرضه الفكرة بتنسيق و أن شاب الغموض بعض مواضعه

  • Dafydd
    2018-11-29 19:32

    Eye opening? Eye-poppping! I am an anarchist, there is no doubt. I am not, however, an anti-christ.

  • Liz
    2018-12-16 18:46

    The "Very Short Introduction" series rocks!

  • Nick
    2018-11-16 23:51

    This is the book you want to give to someone to show them very quickly that Anarchism is not a crackpot nonsense idea. It does a great job outlining the basic anarchist concepts like worker control, decentralization of political control and economic activity, and skepticism of power and hierarchy. Of course, as usual its vague on the specifics, but what can one really expect from a very short introduction? Anyway if someone wants to look up the specifics of anarchist organization its not difficult to find online.There was a lot of great information in here about the practical influence of anarchism, which I think is the book's strongest point. For instance, office managers are more often now turning to anarchist models of workplace management, because they simply allow for more freedom and productivity than hierarchal models. Anarchism also helped normalize egalitarian clothing and marriage norms. Anarchic models also provided for social welfare, medical care, and public education before the state. In fact, the state co-opted the anarchic models, and forced the unwilling population into them, all the while degrading the quality and flexibility of the service in favor of centralized control and subservience to the general goals of the state authorities. This is all very uncontroversial history, but its not widely known outside of anarchist circles, and the specific scholarly communities which deal with the histories of these subject areas.Anarchist models of federation are also becoming increasingly relevant, both as organizations like the E.U. seek to grapple with questions of localism and regionalism, and as the concept of the nation state loses relevance in a world of electronic global commerce. It is also interesting to note that many anarchists, despite their opposition to states and capitalist entities, used the operation of international law and transport, and the operation of firms on the market, to illustrate how non-centrally directed, action through unhomogonized institutions could result in order and prosperity. One hang up. It doesn't give much credence to Stirner or egoist anarchism. The author cannot find Stirner comprehensible, which admittedly, is a problem, but he is no worse than any other German Idealist. Additionally, the author seems to discount American libertarianism, of the non-socialist variety. I think the author is too dismissive of this tradition. He basically writes them off as capitalist apologists and doesn't seem very familiar with their more radical literature.Overall though, great work. It portrays anarchism as rational, practical, and historically grounded. It is revolutionary, but not utopian (any more.) And in a world where authoritarian, centralized, hierarchal modes of living have resulted in chaos and tyranny, anarchism seems increasingly relevant.O ya and you can read it in a couple hours.

  • Peter
    2018-11-20 21:34

    This book is reasonably good, though I wouldn't call it an all encompassing survey. For example, the author openly admits to having never finished reading Stirner's 'ego and it's own', which seems like a pretty significant omission. Ward states that he found the work unreadable, but that is probably because Stirner was influenced by Hegel, who is notorious for being one of the most difficult philosophers to understand. While Ward seems to focus on the political nature of Anarchy, he makes no attempt to contextualize it's themes within the narratives of European philosophy, of which there are many connections. Further, at least some points were poorly researched, such as Ward declaring Grey Walter the founder of cybernetics. Not only was the book titled 'cybernetics' published by Norbert Wiener 2 years before Walter's first book, but Walter was not even in attendance at the first Macy Conference, which is universally accepted as the birthplace of cybernetics as a discipline. It isn't really a significant point, but this, plus the lack of coverage of significant figures such as Stirner, suggest the author has focused his research in the areas that interest him and glossed over the rest. That being said, the book is informative, and I did learn about thinkers I was not familiar with. I appreciated the attempts to link Anarchist thought to liberal movements (as well as criticisms of liberalism) that have had a significant impact on modern life. However, at times it almost felt like it was trying too hard to demonstrate the influence of anarchist thought, to the point that at times it seems a bit of a stretch.

  • Kris
    2018-11-16 20:52

    Like the title says, a very short intro. And good one as well. Even raises some issues that people familiar with the topic may not have considered before. A little light on the philosophy/theory, but makes up for that in talking about real-life, practical problems that could benefit from an anarchist perspective.

  • Albaraa Najjar
    2018-12-09 21:56

    قمت بقراءة نصفه الأول ومن ثم مناقشته في نادي كتاب صغير وقد أجمعنا أن الكاتب لم يكن محايداً أو موضوعياً في بعض الأوقات لهذا ولأني أعتقد أن الكتاب كان من الممكن أن يكون أفضل، سلبت نجمة من تقييمه.سلوك سلطوي مفيد P:في اعتقادي أن النصف الأخير من الكتاب كان أجمل وأكثر ثراءً و الكتاب بشكل عام جيد جداً

  • Jack
    2018-12-06 19:40

    Any political radicalization I could be said to have undergone has resulted from my idle usage of one of those political compass tests. My friends were mostly social democrats to classical liberals on the compass, and I was declared to be an anarcho-communist, despite not knowing what that was. I had outlined my political values according to ideals and moral sensibility, not with practicality in mind. I’ve been reluctant to outright consider myself an anarchist in any form until I feel informed enough to argue in its favour beyond those sentiments. This book therefore had nothing to offer me. It succumbed to the unfortunate habits of Left thought I’ve perceived in my readings so far - an emphasis on anarchist names and figures to be studied and admired, without much discussion on breaking common ground with working-class people who consistently vote “against their better interests” in supporting conservative or right-wing political candidates. When a political ideology is discussed mostly in terms of academic interest, it’s no wonder these ideas are confined to academics. Stifled grumblings against those without insurmountable ideological differences, such as Marxist-Leninist movements and American libertarian philosophers, is another cliché of ideological infighting that weakens the overall advancement of the cause.It still serves its purpose as a “very short introduction”, so it deserves two stars, but Ward’s correlation of Robert Paul Wolff with libertarian thinkers particularly disappointed me. Robert Paul Wolff is far from right-wing, and is currently filming a lecture series on Das Kapital for free on YouTube. He’s an engaging and entertaining lecturer, and misrepresenting his thought soured me on this book. Watch his videos instead.

  • Ryan Scicluna
    2018-11-28 23:52

    If are one of those people who think that Anarchy is all about chaos and egotistical freedoms then I think you should read this book. It changed my perception of anarchism in a good way. It is more than just opposing everything and everyone.I especially liked the chapters concerning prisons and education. In fact some ideas which are now being considered have been advocated by anarchists since the 19th century. Anarchy is always there before a revolution and as a matter of fact Anarchy is the hero of civilization as it is the looser in all revolutions which give way to ideologies such as democracy, socialism, communism, etc... Without Anarchy there would not have been even the chance for such ideologies to sprout their roots and grow.This is an interesting introductory read for anyone interested in politics, sociology and other social sciences. Suggested Further Reading:The Anarchist Writings of William Godwin Peter MarshallSelected Writings of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Steward EdwardsMarxism, Freedom and State K.J. KenafickThe Conquest of Bread Paul AvrichFields, Factories and Workshops Colin WardMutual Aid: A Factor in Evolution John HewetsonPaths in Utopia Martin BuberKotuku Shusui: Portrait of a Japanese Radical F.G. NotehelferThe Chinese Anarchist Movement Robert A. Scalapino and George T. YuHistory of Korean Anarchist Movement Hai Ki-RakAnarchist Though in India Adi DoctorThe Gentle Anarchists Geoffrey Ostergaard and M. CurrellAfrica Anarchism: The History of a Movement Sam Mbah and I.E. IgareweyTerrorism: A Very Short Introduction Charles TownshendAnarchism and Anarchist Communism Peter KropotkinCommon Sense Thomas PaineAnarchism George WoodcockZapata and the Mexican Revolution John WomackThe War Against Oblivion: The Zapatista Chronicles John RossCutting the Wire: The Story of the Landless Movement in Brazil Sue Branford and Jan RochaThe Russian Anarchists Paul AvrichFor Anarchism: History, Theory and Practice Carl LevyThe Spanish Labyrinth Gerald BrenanThe Revolution and the Civil War in Spain Burnett BollotenAmerican Power and the New Mandarins Noam ChomskyLessons of the Spanish Revolution Vernon RichardsPointing the Way M. BuberSocial Policy: An Anarchist Response Colin WardThe Managerial Revolution James BurnhamManaging Without Management Richard Koch and Ian GoddenAction and Existence: Anarchism for Business Administration Pierre Guillet de MonthouxFrom the Other Shore A. HerzenIsrael and Palestine M. BuberGod and State M. BakuninEast End Jewish Radicals 1875-1914 W.J. FishmanCulture and Imperialism E.W. SaidWomen and Islam: An Historical and Theological Enquiry Fatima MernissiIn Russian and French Prisions Peter KropotkinPrison Memoirs of an Anarchist Alexander BerkmanThe Expanding Prison: The Crisis in Crime and Punishment and the Search for Alternatives David CayleyErrico Malatesta: His Life and Ideas V. RichardsThe Tradition of Workers' Control Geoffrey OstergaardWhy William Morris Matters Today: Human Creativity and the Future World Environment Paul ThompsonAn Enquiry Concerning Political Justice William GodwinComplusory Miseductaion Paul GoodmanThe Struggle for Education National Union of TeachersHooligans or Rebels? An Oral History of Working Class Childhood and Youth 1889-1939 Stephen HumphriesThe Lost Elementary Schools of Victorian England Philip GardnerThe Modern School Movement: Anarchism and Education in the United States Paul AvrichGod and the State Michael BakuninThe Libertarians and Education Michael SmithNo Master High and Low: Libertarian Education and Schooling 1890-1990 John ShottonNeill of Summerhill: The Permanent Rebel Jonathan CroallAll the Best, Neill: Letters from Summerhill Jonathan CroallThe Ego and His Own Max StirnerMen Against the State James J. MartinThe Amercian as Anarchist: Reflections on Indigenous Radicalism David DeLeonThe Portable Thoreau Carl BodeWar and the Intellectuals: Collected Essays 1915-1919 Randolph BourneThe Autobiography of a Catholic Anarchist Ammon HennacyIn Defence of Anarchism Robert Paul WolffThe Long Loneliness Dorothay DayAnarchy, State and Uptoia Robert NozickThe Machinery of Freedom David FriedmanFor a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto Murray RothbardThe Road to Sefdom F. Von HayekCrazy Hope and Finite Experience: Final Essays of Paul Goodman Taylor StoehrAnarchism and Other Essay Emma GoldmanMore Joy: A Lovemaking Companion to The Joy of Sex Alex ComfortA Handbook on Hanging Charles DuffProvos and Kabouters Rudolf de JongThe Revolution of Everyday Life Raoul VaneigemCaptive State George MonboitAnarchism Sean M. SheehanThe Principle of Federation Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon Edward HyamsThe Politics of Redress Willem de HaanBakunin: Selected Writings Arthur LehningKropotkin Martin MillerPeter Kropotkin: His Federalist Ideas Camillo BerneriCities of Tomorrow Peter HallPoverty and Famine Amartya SenUrban Agriculture: Food, Jobs and Sustainable Cities Jac SmitRicher Futures: Fashion a New Politics Tim LangPost-Scarcity Anarchism Murray BookchinLiving Lightly: Travels in Post-Consumer Society W. & D. SchwartzA Radical Green Political Theory Alan CarterDrunken Boat: Art, Rebellion, Anarchy Max BlechmanReinventing Anrachy, Again Howard J. EhrlichAnarchy: A Graphic Guide Clifford HarperDIY Culture: Party and Protest in Nineties Britian George McKayTwenty-Fisrt Century Anarchism: Unorthodox Ideas for a New Millennium Jon Purkis and James Bowen

  • Matias Uusisilta
    2018-12-12 16:43

    Erittäin hyvä johdatus anarkismin ymmärtämiseen ihmiselle, jolle aihe ei ole ennestään tuttu. Herätti myös kiinnostuksen perehtyä kirjassa mainittuihin alan klassikoihin.

  • Cary
    2018-12-01 23:34

    Not bad, and a nice quick read and introduction (as the title implies). I would have preferred something a bit more objective though.

  • Tim Pendry
    2018-12-05 20:42

    A basically sound introduction to Anarchism as a political philosophy and as mode of political action but I have my criticisms. The disappointment is that a cool analysis of an important trend in Western political philosophy is, in the end, bent to appropriate the entire anarchist tradition for a range of current social movements, some appropriately (chapter eight on social and economic protest) and some much less so (chapters nine and ten on federalist and green politics). Yes, there is a link between the history of anarchism and, say, the green movement but there is a bit of convenient whitewashing going on here - fascistic thinking and technocratic dabbling have played as much of a role in greenery as ever did philosophies of human liberation. At the end of the day, anarchism is an act of faith in human nature (one that is hard to square with the facts of human psychology) and a general spirit of struggle against oppresive systems - capitalist and state socialist - which is where it is most fruitful. It is also an intellectual deconstruction of great abstractions like the 'nation' although it can sometimes merely replace one set of fictions with another. Ward's account of anarchism and its meanings is excellent until he gets closer to our own times. Perhaps Ward is just too 'engaged' in his subject. He is a 'veteran anarchist' himself so it is like asking Hobsbawm to write on the history of the Communist Party.It seems to be a trend for publishers to accept books that are ostensibly objective but in fact are partially polemical (see our review of What Pagans Believe) in a contemporary context. Frankly, I just find it hard to trust the assessments in the final two chapters whereas I am very happy to rely wholly on the first eight. One appreciates that this is a 'very short introduction' but Ward does a disservice to sympathetic readers in producing, towards the very end, after his considerable insights into the nineteenth and early twentieth century anarchist tradition, a rather selective account of its alleged contemporary manifestations which gently merge into what can only be described as implicit and selective policy proposals.The sweeping aside of the American libertarian tradition in chapter seven is one concern but the adoption of federalist/regionalist and green agenda are just plain a-historical - this is a selective reading of the 'now' for subtle near-polemical ends. To appropriate anarchism for the concept of a United States (regions) of Europe (implied through a reading of Bakunin), as such a term might now be understood, is disturbingly potty, given current realities, and to believe that anarchists were necessarily going to be into green issues - maybe Nazi Minister of Agriculture Walther Darre should have been an anarchist, huh! - is just plain daft. Europeanism and environmentalism do have some anarchist elements but not nearly so much as Ward would like to claim - while his earlier attempt to 'diss' modern American economic libertarians as not mainstream anarchists may be true today but many an artisanal Proudhonist and nineteenth century opponent of Marx would have felt closer to them than to the interfering social movement protesters of today. This is the rejigging of ideological history on a grand scale.We think that this implicit polemic is unhelpful - either the reader deserves a considered assessment from outside a movement or an obviously engaged history that masquerades as nothing else. The book ultimately seems intended to persuade and not to inform. However, it is well written and engaging, with material on the great names and events of anarchist history that deserves to be part of any civilised person's general knowledge.There are fuller accounts of the history of anarchism (to be reviewed, we hope, later) and there are other more powerful intellectual investigations of what anarchism means today. This book has to be seen as a quick second division guide, a useful and slightly frustrating half-way house, well worth reading for many of the facts, a proper appreciation of the extra-European dimension to anarchism and for some sensible particular judgements and insights into contemporary alternative modes of thinking but it is not to be placed in the first rank by any means.

  • وسام السراج
    2018-12-15 22:40

    هو الاول في هذه السلسلة و كان اختيار سيئ جدا، يستحق نجمة واحده ولكنني اعطيته اثنين لانني قد استفدت من بعض الاقتباسات و بعض الافكار بداخله، وليست عن الوضوع نفسه بل كمجمل افكار عن الحياة و السياسة و الدول.الكتاب يتكلم عن فلسفة عدم وجود سلطة عليا تدير شؤون الدولة شيء اقرب الى النظام الجماهيري الذي ابتدعه القذافي و طبقة في ليبيا، بل كل مجموعة من الناس تدير نفسها بنفسها، النظرية جميلة و مثالية جدا وكعادة النظريات المثالية تفترض ان العالم مثالي لهذا تبقى نظرية يستمد منها بعض الافكار فقط لا غير.يتناول الكتاب بالكثير من المصطلحات الكبيرة و الغريبة و الاسماء الكثيرة القديمة الاجنبية و المتشابهة و المتشابكة مع بعضها في الكثير من الاحداث و الافكار و التواريخ، افكار هذه النظرية و تطبيقاتها، في الزراعة و الاقتصاد و التعليم و التجارة وحكم الدول و التعامل مع الناس و السجون و ما الى ذلك.يبقى السؤال المعتاد هل سأعيد قراءته ؟ اجابتي لا السؤال الاخر هل تنصح اي شخص بالاطلاع عليه؟ مالم يكن هذا الشخص مهووس بهذه الفلسفة و يحتاج الى مصدر فلا انصح به اي شخص، حتى انني افكر في التخلص من هذه النسخةالتي لدي باي شكل من الاشكال.كنت ابحث في هذا الكتاب عن امثله تطبيقية تاريخية او حالية لدول او مدن لاسلطوية كيف تاسسس فيها النظام و كيف طبقت وكيف حلت مشاكلها، او ابحث عن طريقة لتأسيس مثل هذا النظام و الصعوبات التي ستواجهك، لكن ما وجدته في الكتاب هو مجموعة من الاراء حول بعض الاشياء فقط لا غير.يمكن اعتبار الكتاب مجموعات مقالة ارشيفية عن فلاسفة هذه النظرية وتم جمعهم في غلاف واحد

  • Liz
    2018-11-17 16:57

    I have recently begun to feel that my "pfft, I'll go in the deep end" attitude to "introducing..." texts is juvenile, and I was looking for a light read on the train, so I thought I might as well just check this out and see if I could learn something, fill in some foundations. anyway, I feel like the usual criticism of anarchism is that it's juvenile, perhaps a bit flashy and exciting, but ultimately lacking in rigour and staying power. so it takes a special talent to make it sound this dull! also contains a discussion on the democratising effects of mass-produced fashion containing the sentiment that "less than 5%" of the population can tell the difference between cheap and expensive clothing -- a sentiment that could only have been expressed by a man, undoubtedly a badly-dressed man. Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology has its flaws, but it's a much better introductory anarchist text and way less boring.

  • Sara Hussein
    2018-12-12 16:46

    مشكلتي الأزلية مع كتب السياسة والفلسفة والشعر المترجمة هي الترجمة رغم جودة ترجمة هنداوي..ولكنه ربما عائق لغة المصطلحات البعيدة عن اللغة المتعارف عليها بين الناس!الكتاب يحتوي على معلومات قيمة كبداية لأي شخص يرغب في معرفة ما هي اللاسلطوية أو كما يطلق عليها "الأناركية" ولكنها لا تكفي أبدًا للإلمام بكل جوانب هذه الحركة وقائديها أعجبني الكتاب وأنصح به أي شخص يرغب في معرفة الاناركية بعيدًا عن صفحات الانترنت المتضاربة وربما ستكتشف أثناء قراءتك أنك أناركي في جزء ما..فالأناركية ليست فقط حركة سياسية بل هي حركة اجتماعية اقتصادية تشبه إلى حد كبير العصر البدائي في تعاملاتها البسيطة والواضحة كالتعامل بنظام المقايدة في المجتمعات الصغيرة،المحلية أو المغلقة على نفسها.وربما تبدو الاناركية بعيدة عن التطبيق بشكل كبير سياسيـًا ويُتهم مناصروها بأنهم حالمون واهمون ولكن يبدو أنها مطبقة بشكل ما اجتماعيـًا وتاريخيـًا.أنصحكم بقراءة الكتاب:)

  • Leif Denti
    2018-12-05 15:46

    I like the VSI series and picked up this book to understand anarchism better. Sadly, this introduction is one of the low watermarks of the series. Basically, it reads as a political manifesto. It is heavily biased towards the virtues of anarchism and virtually no criticisms or problems with the political ideology are addressed. Examples and events where anarchists have been involved are interpreted in the most favourable light possible. The author fails (or refrains) to define anarchism, making the whole read dissappointing and empty.

  • عمرو كامل
    2018-12-08 15:41

    اللاسلطوية أو الأناركية أو الليبرتارية، أو رحلة البحث عموما عن مجتمع تشاركي حر غير سلطوي.. باختصار هي: (الآمال المستحيل) كما يصفها الكاتب.. ويبقى أن اللاسلطويون هم مجرد أداة يستخدمها كل باحث عن السلطة في كل زمان ومكان .. يروي الكاتب: (خلال الفترة التي اندلعت فيها الثورات وانتشرت في أوروبا عام 1848، يقال إن رئيس الشرطة في باريس أبدى تعليقا عن اللاسلطوي ميخائيل باكونين قائلا: "ياله من رجل! في اليوم الأول من الثورة كان كنزا حقيقيا، ولكن في اليوم التالي كان ينبغي إطلاق النار عليه." تلخص ملاحظته كلا من الدور والمصير المحتوم للاسلطويين وأسلافهم على مدار سلسلة طويلة من الانتفاضات الشعبية الأوروبية).

  • Mikael
    2018-12-03 15:49

    A very concise but worthy introduction to anarchist key concepts, history and application. It's a good starting place for finding further reading on the subject. Other intros to anarchism I've read have been quite vitriolic (and probably only good for 'preaching to the choir'). Ward's book will do well in drawing in a reluctant enquirer and hopefully help them to take anarchist alternatives to modern society seriously.

  • AliHelal
    2018-12-12 19:49

    ان كنت تبحث عن بحث فلسفي حول اللاسلطوية و تميزها عن الاشتراكية و الرأسمالية ، فلن تجده بشكل كافي في هذه المقدمة. أستطيع القول أن هذه المقدمة هي عبارة عن اراء اللاسلطوين حول عدة قضايا كالتعليم و البيئة و الدين الخ.